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The weather is cool and dry from May to November, but hot and rainy from November to April. As in metropolitan France, the official language is French. Local names for these are Yabs, Cafres, Malbars and Chinois. The first members of the "Bourbon" group of garden roses originated on this island (then still Île Bourbon, hence the name) from a spontaneous hybridisation between Damask roses and Rosa chinensis,[26] which had been brought there by the colonists. This new name commemorates the union of revolutionaries from Marseille with the National Guard in Paris, which took place on 10 August 1792. Over about two decades in the late 20th century (1963–1982), 1,630 children from Réunion were relocated to rural areas of metropolitan France, particularly to Creuse, ostensibly for education and work opportunities. The land in Haiti was destroyed. Réunionese culture is a blend (métissage) of European, African, Indian, Chinese and insular traditions. It has been home to notable pro surfers including Jeremy Flores, Johanne Defay and Justine Mauvin. 1697 - Treaty of Ryswick gives western part of Hispaniola island (Haiti) to France and eastern part (Santo Domingo - the present Dominican Republic) to Spain. About Endonyms. Famous break St Leu has been host to several world surfing championship competitions. On 8 February 1976, France organized a second referendum to determine whether Mayotte residents wished to become part of the new Comorian State. In 2017, the GDP of Réunion at market exchange rates, not at PPP, was estimated at 19.7 billion euros (US$22.3 bn) and the GDP per capita (also at market exchange rates) was 22,900 euros (US$25,900). [34] Chinese folk religion and Buddhism are also represented, among others. Many dream of its joie de vivre shown by the countless restaurants, picturesque villages and world-famous gastronomy. [35] The island's community of Muslims from north western India, particularly Gujarat, and elsewhere is commonly referred to as zarabes. There are several famous Réunionese sportsmen and women like the handballer Jackson Richardson, as well as the karateka Lucie Ignace. Lava flow emitted in 2005 by the Piton de la Fournaise, The climate in Réunion is tropical, but temperature moderates with elevation. Ajaccio is the capital. [citation needed] The island might also have been visited by Swahili or Austronesian (Ancient Indonesian–Malaysian) sailors on their journey to the west from the Malay Archipelago to Madagascar. La Plage des Brisants is a well-known surfing spot, with many athletic and leisurely activities taking place. Collapsed calderas and canyons are south west of the mountain. Others consist of a single island, such as Barbados, or part of an island, such as the Dominican Republic. INSEE assigned to Réunion the department code 974, and the region code 04 when regional councils were created in 1982 in France, including in existing overseas departments which also became overseas regions. However, indentured workers continued to be brought to Réunion from South India, among other places. For example, the Réunion giant tortoise became extinct after being slaughtered in vast numbers by sailors and settlers of the island. Groups that are not Creole include people recently arrived from Metropolitan France (known as zoreilles) and those from Mayotte and the Comoros as well as immigrants from Madagascar and Sri Lankan Tamil refugees. [citation needed]. The first private local radio station, Radio Freedom, was introduced in 1981. An endonym is the name for a place, site or location in the language of the people who live there. [18] It is a white sand beach lined with casuarina trees under which the locals often organise picnics. The eastern part, today’s Dominican Republic was controlled by Spain. [46] Since 2016, the unemployment rate has risen again, and reached 24.3% in 2018, nonetheless the fourth lowest yearly figure in 40 years. The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 reduced the importance of the island as a stopover on the East Indies trade route. The French exploited the land. It lies 105 miles (170 km) from southern France and 56 miles (90 km) from northwestern Italy, and it is separated from Sardinia by the 7-mile (11-km) Strait of Bonifacio. Colonisation started in 1665, when the French East India Company sent the first settlers.[6]. The island had been under Genoese control for many centuries. Between 2010 and 2017, 23 shark attacks occurred in the waters of Réunion, of which nine were fatal. Diogo Lopes de Sequeira is said to have landed on the islands of Réunion and Rodrigues in 1509. Its name is French for "peak of snows", but snowfall on the summit of the mountain is rare. Although diplomacy, military, and French government matters are handled by Paris, Réunion is a member of La Francophonie, the Indian Ocean Commission, the International Trade Union Confederation, the Universal Postal Union, the Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa, and the World Federation of Trade Unions in its own right. [6], From the 17th to the 19th centuries, French colonisation, supplemented by importing Africans, Chinese and Indians as workers, contributed to ethnic diversity in the population. [10] The neighbouring islands of Mauritius and Madagascar also suffered epidemics of this disease during the same year. Precipitation levels vary greatly within the island, with the east being much wetter than the west. Although not official, Réunion Creole is the native language of a large part of the population and is spoken alongside French. However, in the 18 th century the Corsicans rebelled against Genoese rule and took over most of the island by the middle of the 18 th century. There are no indigenous people on the island, as it was originally deserted. The Piton des Neiges volcano, the highest point on the island at 3,070 m (10,070 ft) above sea level, is northwest of the Piton de la Fournaise. When the island was restored to France by the Congress of Vienna in 1815, it retained the name of "Bourbon". Réunion is an outermost region of the European Union and, as an overseas department of France, part of the eurozone.[3]. See the History section for more details. Many island countries are spread over an archipelago, as is the case with the Federated States of Micronesia and Indonesia (both of which consist of thousands of islands). Like the other four overseas departments, it is also one of the 18 regions of France, with the modified status of overseas region, and an integral part of the republic with the same status as Metropolitan France. The island became an overseas department of France in 1946. After some changes in the composition, name and status of intercommunalities, all of them operate with the status of agglomeration communities, and apply their own local taxation (in addition to national, regional, departmental, and municipal taxes) and have an autonomous budget decided by the assembly representing all member communes. Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon (in North Atlantic Ocean), Île du petit Gougloué and Île de Grand-Congloué, Green Island (Fortune), Newfoundland and Labrador, Rocher Le Souffleur (Pointe des Chateaux), List of Antarctic and subantarctic islands, List of French islands in the Indian and Pacific oceans, Provisional Government of the French Republic, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_islands_of_France&oldid=1002773502, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 January 2021, at 00:16. There are also two local private channels, Télé Kréol and Antenne Réunion. Grand Anse is a tropical white-sand beach lined with coconut trees in the south of Réunion, with a rock pool built for swimmers, a pétanque playground, and a picnic area. The extent of racial mixing on the island also makes ethnic estimates difficult. You are about to leave travel.state.gov for an external website that is not maintained by the U.S. Department of State. Overview of holidays and many observances in France during the year 2021 [11][12] A few cases also appeared in mainland France, carried by people travelling by airline. Although the first French claims date from 1638, when François Cauche and Salomon Goubert visited in June 1638,[7] the island was officially claimed by Jacques Pronis of France in 1642, when he deported a dozen French mutineers to the island from Madagascar. French is the only official language of Réunion. Réunion from space (NASA image): The three cirques, forming a kind of three-leafed clover shape, are visible in the central north west of the image. Beaches at Boucan Canot are surrounded by a stretch of restaurants that particularly cater to tourists. The slopes of both volcanoes are heavily forested. Humpback whales migrate north to the island from the Antarctic waters annually during the Southern Hemisphere winter (June–September) to breed and feed, and can be routinely observed from the shores of Réunion during this season. Administratively, Réunion is one of the overseas departments of France. Visit top-rated & … [6] Réunion itself was dubbed Santa Apolónia after a favourite saint,[5] which suggests that the date of the Portuguese discovery could have been 9 February, her saint day. France, officially the French Republic (French: République Française), is a country with which almost every traveller has a relationship. The convicts were returned to France several years later, and in 1649, the island was named Île Bourbon after the French royal House of Bourbon. Following the fall of the House of Bourbon during the French Revolution, the island was renamed "Île de la Réunion" in 1793 by a decree of the Convention Nationale (the elected revolutionary constituent assembly). Creoles (a name given to those born on the island, regardless of ethnic origins) make up the majority of the population. [48], Outlying territories of European countries, Current administrative regions (since 2016), Former administrative regions (1982–2015), CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Arrondissements of the Réunion department, Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa, Globice (Groupe local d'observation et d'identification des cétacés), Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint-Denis-de-La Réunion, Du battant des lames au sommet des montagnes, List of colonial and departmental heads of Réunion, List of islands administered by France in the Indian and Pacific oceans, "Estimation de population par région, sexe et grande classe d'âge – Années 1975 à 2020", "Gross domestic product (GDP) at current market prices by NUTS 2 regions", CHRONOLOGIE : L'histoire des enfants réunionnais déplacés en métropole, "Reunion sees 'colossal' volcano eruption, but population safe", "World Meteorological Organization: Global Weather & Climate Extremes", "Pitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island", "An Ecoregion-Based Approach to Protecting Half the Terrestrial Realm", "Crise requin: Les causes scientifiques sous les projecteurs de la revue "Nature, "Big Read: Reunion Island beset by shark controversy", "French on the Island of Bourbon (Réunion)", "Country Profile: Reunion (Department of Reunion)", "Réunion Island (@visitreunion) • Instagram photos and videos", "Comptes économiques rapides de La Réunion en 2017", "Insel La Réunion Reisen & Urlaub buchen | Reiseveranstalter Elefant Tours", "SEAS-OI, VIGISAT international success Réunion Island acquires an acquisition and processing system for high-resolution satellite images", "Surveillance of maritime and terrestrial activities by radar", "Comptes économiques définitifs de La Réunion", "Le chômage et son halo augmentent en 2018", "Quatre Réunionnais sur dix vivent sous le seuil de pauvreté", "Consultation begins on Réunion tram project". That program was led by influential Gaullist politician Michel Debré, who was an MP for Réunion at the time. More than 6 m of rain a year fall on some parts of the east and less than 1 m a year falls on the west coast. The Dominican Republic (/ d ə ˈ m ɪ n ɪ k ən / də-MIN-ik-ən; Spanish: República Dominicana, pronounced [reˈpuβlika ðominiˈkana] ()) is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea. Things to Do in Republic of Kiribati, South Pacific: See Tripadvisor's 742 traveler reviews and photos of Republic of Kiribati tourist attractions. France time zone and map with current time in the largest cities. Réunion (French pronunciation: [ʁe.y.njɔ̃] (); previously Île Bourbon) is an overseas department and region of the French Republic and an Indian Ocean island in East Africa, east of Madagascar and 175 km (109 mi) southwest of Mauritius.As of January 2020, it had a population of 859,959.. As in metropolitan France, the official language is French. Since 1992, Réunion has hosted a number of ultramarathons under the umbrella name of the Grand Raid. Réunion (French pronunciation: [ʁe.y.njɔ̃] (listen); previously Île Bourbon) is an overseas department and region of the French Republic and an Indian Ocean island in East Africa, east of Madagascar and 175 km (109 mi) southwest of Mauritius. The capital is Victoria, located on the island of Mahe. In 1801, the island was renamed "Île Bonaparte", after First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte. [9], In 2005 and 2006, Réunion was hit by a crippling epidemic of chikungunya, a disease spread by mosquitoes. Seychelles, one of the world’s smallest countries. (For land, climate, and pre-1922 history and politics, see Ireland) [citation needed], By the early 1600s, nominal Portuguese rule had left Santa Apolónia virtually untouched. While the Piton de la Fournaise is one of Earth's most active volcanoes, the Piton des Neiges is dormant. The Status and Location of the Military Installations of the Member States of the European Union and Their Potential Role for the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP). The island is 63 km (39 mi) long; 45 km (28 mi) wide; and covers 2,512 km2 (970 sq mi). It has a local public radio station, formerly Radio Réunion, but now known as Réunion 1ère, like its television counterpart. In 2019 a light rail system was proposed to link Le Barachois with the airport. It is not known exactly how many people of each ethnicity live in Réunion, since the French census does not ask questions about ethnic origin,[29] which applies in Réunion because it is a part of France in accordance with the 1958 constitution. At least 19 species formerly endemic to Réunion have become extinct following human colonisation. The last is accessible only on foot or by helicopter. During the 17th century, a struggle for control between France and Spain began. Not much is known of Réunion's history prior to the arrival of the Portuguese in the early 16th century. Lalande also said 45 bull sharks and 45 tiger sharks would be culled, in addition to the 20 already killed as part of scientific research into the illness ciguatera.[25]. The national capital is Santo Domingo, on the southern coast. Learn more about Paris in … The Republic of Ireland occupies more than 80% of the island of Ireland. Cultivated land and cities like the capital city of Saint-Denis are concentrated on the surrounding coastal lowlands. Dominican Republic is the second largest and most diverse Caribbean country, situated just two hours south of Miami, less than four hours from New York and eight hours from most European cities. Corsica, a mountainous island and the country's largest island, is located 160 km (99 miles) southeast of Nice.Mountains dominate eastern, south-central and southern France, including the snowcapped Alps that stretch along its border with Italy, then on into Switzerland and across southern Europe. [4], The first European discovery of the area was made around 1507 by Portuguese explorer Diogo Fernandes Pereira, but the specifics are unclear. The 76,192-square-kilometre (29,418 sq mi) island is divided into two separate, sovereign nations: the Spanish-speaking Dominican Republic (48,445 km 2, 18,705 sq mi) to the east and French / Haitian Creole-speaking Haiti (27,750 km 2, 10,710 sq mi) to the west.The only other shared island in the Caribbean is Saint Martin, which is shared between France (Saint Martin) … [23] Its largest land animal is the panther chameleon, Furcifer pardalis. Paris is one of the world’s most important and attractive cities, famed for its gastronomy, haute couture, painting, literature, and intellectual community. [31] The percentages for mixed race people and those of Afro-Malagasy origins vary widely in estimates. The communes voluntarily grouped themselves into five intercommunalities for cooperating in some domains, apart from the four arrondissements to which they belong for purposes of applying national laws and executive regulation. Find what to do today or anytime in February. The measures, which have been introduced under the Safer Travel policy, mean that some travellers arriving from regions in France and Ireland will be subject to lesser isolation requirements than … This continued until the fall of the restored Bourbons during the French Revolution of 1848, when the island was once again given the name "Île de la Réunion". 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