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hitler's deal with the pope

No, says Rabbi David G. Dalin but there was a cleric in league with Hitler: the grand mufti of Jerusalem, Hajj Amin al-Husseini. And Hitler loathed him, viewing him as an obstacle to his —and Bormann’s—grandiose plan to capture the minds and souls of much of mankind after a victorious war. Rahn then joined in a conspiracy with Wolff and several other like-minded German officials against the plot and went to see Hitler. Ernst von Weizsaecker, the German ambassador to the Vatican, another anti-Hitler conspirator, tried to convince Pius that he should remain silent when the Nazis rounded up the Jews of Rome. And “we must occupy Rome” and “destroy the Vatican’s power, capture the pope, and say that we are protecting him.” The pope might even have to be killed. The kidnap plot had failed, but it had helped to shape the policies and attitudes of the pope, Hitler, and their subordinates during a most important segment of World War II history. The Vatican quarreled with both Hitler and Mussolini on race, but hardly out of concern for the welfare of Jews. And friends of the pope prepared a plan for him to flee to Spain if necessary, though he vowed to remain in the Vatican unless he was carried out. It had seemingly started well after Hitler was appointed Chancellor in January 1933. If he did, they argued, there was virtually no chance that Hitler would cancel his kidnap plan. Consider the different ways that the German Christian movement and the Confessing Church movement navigated their relationships with the Nazi government. About six weeks later, on September 13, SS General Karl Wolff, the SS commander in Italy, received a phone call from his boss, SS Chief Heinrich Himmler, orchestrator of the Holocaust. In Hitler's Pope, award-winning journalist John Cornwell shows that Eugenio Pacelli, Pope Pius XII, was instrumental in negotiating an accord that helped the Nazis' rise to unhindered power – and sealed the fate of the Jews in Europe.. Historian Fritz Stern explains: On the face of it, the Vatican had scored a great triumph. The Vatican is opening files on ‘Hitler’s Pope’ almost a decade ahead of schedule. Francis is too polite to … Thus, no witnesses. The pope loathed Hitler. It was decided to postpone dealing with Galen until the final victory. At the same time, in Germany, General Wolff managed to convince Hitler that he would have a hard time suppressing an uprising in Italy if the pope felt forced to speak out and had to be dethroned. What compromises did he make? In his new book “Let Us Dream,” Pope Francis takes aim at populist politicians whose rallies conjure memories of 1930s fascism, fanned by the likes of Adolf Hitler. What did Hitler hope to gain? John Jay Study Undermined by Its Own Data. That concern prompted officials of the Vatican to discuss with Hitler the possibility of an agreement: the Church would pledge to abstain from political activity in Germany in exchange for the Reich’s promise not to persecute the Catholic Church and its members. Bormann, Rahn told me, turned beet-red with anger as he, the ambassador, made his plea. The Pope, until then, had felt that if he spoke out strongly against the Jewish genocide, Hitler would not only attack the Vatican but would drag out the hundreds of thousands of Jews from the Vatican institutions in which they were hiding throughout occupied Europe, as well as their Christian protectors. As a minority in a country with a Protestant majority, Catholics had always felt vulnerable to accusations that they were not “true Germans” because of suspicions that they “took orders from Rome.” Over the years, they had protected their rights by organizing and supporting the Catholic Center Party. Now Vatican records may reveal whether he collaborated with the Nazis. Others opposed the Nazis. Pacelli first agreed to help Hitler in 1933, when as a Vatican diplomat he promised Hitler he'd disband a German Catholic political party in a deal that protected the Vatican's rights in Germany. As word of these talks spread, Edith Stein wrote an urgent letter to the pope. The Pope Pius XII was suspected of Nazi collaboration and was called Hitlers Pope. Everything you need to get started teaching your students about racism, antisemitism and prejudice. Pius XI signature. Hitler’s Plan to Kidnap the Pope. 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